# The World Population - Distribution, Density and Growth

### The World Population Distribution, Density and growth

• How much world population was recorded at the beginning of the 21st century?
Ans: Over 6 billion population.
• Who stated that “Asia has many places where people are few and few place where people are very many”?
Ans: George B. Cressey.
• How many percentage of the world population lives in about 10 % of its land area?
Ans: 90%.
• How many percentage of the world populations are living in the 10 most populous countries?
Ans: 60%.
• What is population density?
Ans: The number of total population on a particular unit of land is called population density. For example – 382/square kilometer is the density of population in India (Census – 2011).
• What is population growth?
Ans: Change of population in s particular area between two points of time is known as growth of population.
• What is natural growth of population?

#### Ans: This is the population increased by difference between births and deaths in a particular region between two points of time.

• What is natural growth of population?
Ans: Natural growth of population means the population increased by difference between births and deaths in a particular region between two points of time.
• Natural growth=Births – Deaths. But, actual growth of population is calculated as follows:
• Births – Deaths + In migration – Out migration.
• What is positive growth of population?
Ans: When the birth rate is more than the death rate between two points of time or when the population increased due to permanent migration to a region is called positive growth of population.
• What is negative growth of population?
Ans: When the birth rate is less than the death rate between two points of time or when the population decreased due to permanent migration from a region is called negative growth of population.
• Which Continent has the highest growth rate of population.
Ans. Africa.
• #### Name a mineral belt in Africa Which has Dene’s population?

Ans. Katanga-Zambia Copper belt.

• Name three components of population change.
Ans.Birth rate’ Death rate and Migration.
• Who are emigrants?
Ans.Who moved out of place.
• Which country in the world has the highest growth rate of population?
Ans.Liberia.
• Why is population growth high in second stage of Demographic Transition?
Ans. High birth rate & low  death rate.
• What is the trend of population growth in third stage of Demographic Transition?
Ans. Stabl, Zeroor even negative.
• Why life expectancy reduces in some developing countries of Africa?
Ans. Due to deadly disease like HIV/AIDS.
• Demographic Transition?
Ans. This theory explains 3 staged model of demographic transition:
Stage (i) High birth rate, high death rate, low growth: Example Bangladesh.
Stage(ii) Initially high Barth rate, low death rate, high growth rate-example India.
Stage(iii) Low birth rate,low death rate, stable or low growth rate -example Japan.
• #### Classify the world into various region on the basis of population density

Ans.1 Areas of high Density:
(I) Monsoon Asia,South and South East Asia.
(Ii)Europe – river valley’s,coastal plains
(iii)Eastern coastal region of North America.
2: Areas of Medium Density
(i)Asia
(ii)Europe
(iii)U.S.A, Australia.
(iv)Africa, South America.

• Patterns of population distribution and density of population help us to understand the demographic characteristics of an area.
• The density of population is usually measured in per square kilometer.
• When we found more than 200 person on every square kilometer then an area will be considered as highly and densely populated.
• High rainfall Zone near the equator has very low density of population.
• Availability of water is the most important factor that attract the human in habitation in a particular area.
• Availability of Mineral wealth is responsible for high density of population found in Katanga Zambia located in Africa.
• Kobe Osaka region in Japan is highly populated due to presence of industries.
• Mediterranean region is more populated due to pleasant climate.
• Mega cities are more populated due to good civic amenities and employment.
• The population growth and population change refers to the change in number of inhabitants of a territory during a specific period of time.
• #### Mortality rate of a region mainly controlled by demographic structure, social advancement, level of its economic development etc.

• Better job opportunities, peace and stability, security of life’s are the pull factors of migration.
• Poor living conditions, political terminals, epidemics are the push factors of migration.
• Population grown rapidly during the 16 and 17 century because expansion of World Trade during 16 and 17 century is an important cause of it.
• Technological advancement factors helps in the reduction of birth rate and provide at a stage for accelerated population growth.
• It took almost 12 years to rise population from 5 billion 6 billion.
• In the developing countries the birth rate is extremely high as compared to death rates, need for children to go out and work to bring in income for the family, lack of availability and knowledge of contraception and family planning.
• Negative type of correlation we found between economic development and the population growth.
• Migration may be interpreted as a spontaneous effort to achieve a better balance between population and resources.
• The following statements are the true about the population change: increase of population causes depletion of resources, population decline causes under development of resources, the resources that had supported earlier are now insufficient to maintain the population.
• #### HIV/AIDS reduced average life expectancy in Africa and some part of CIS.

• Latvia, Estonia, Denmark are the low population growth countries.
• Somalia, Albania, Germany are the high growth rate of population countries.
• The following are the characteristics of first stage of demographic transition: expectancy is low, people are mostly illiterate and have low level of Technology, people are engaged in agriculture where large families are an asset.
• The following are the important characteristics of last stage of demographic transition: the fertility and the mortality decline countably, deliberately controls the family size, the population becomes urbanized and literates.

##### Multiple Choice Questions

Quiz Supporting Multiple Choice Questions
1. “Asia has many places where people are few and few places where people are many”
Above mentioned remark about uneven distribution of Asia as well as world population is given by
a. Dudley Stamp
b. G.B. Cressey
c. Hartshorne
d. Griffith Taylor
Ans. (b)
2. Patterns of population distribution and density of population help us to understand ___
a. Regional imbalances of an area
b. Demographic characteristics of any area
c. Uneven topography of an area
d. Developmental level of an area
Ans. (b)
3. The density of population is usually measured in ___
a. Persons/cm area
b. Persons/sq km area
c. Persons/cubic area
d. All the above
Ans. (b)

##### 4. When we found more than 200 persons on every square km then the area will be considered as

a. Highly or densely populated
b. sparsely populated
c. Rarely Populated
d. Under Populated
Ans. (a)
5. Which of the following area has very low density of population?
a. North-Eastern part of USA
b. High rainfall zones near the equator
c. Sweden in Europe
d. South and South-East Asia
Ans. (b)
6. Which of the following area is densely populated?
a. North-Western part of Europe b. Western China
c. North and South Pole d. Southern India in Asia
Ans. (a)
7. Which is the most important factor that attract the human in habitation in particular area?
a. Availability of water
b. Urbanization
c. Minerals
d. Social factors
Ans. (a)

##### 8. Which Factor is responsible for high density of population found in Katanga Zambia located in Africa?

a. Availability of mineral wealth (copper)
b. Availability of good forest resources
c. Close social ties
d. Scenic landscapes
Ans. (a)
9. Which of the following pair is not correctly matched?
Regions factor of high density
a. Kobe-Osaka region in Japan Presence of industries
b. Mediterranean Regions Pleasant climate
c. Ganga Plains Scenic beauty
d. Mega cities Good civic amenities and employment
Ans. (c)
10. The population growth or population change refers to the—————–of inhabitants of a territory during a specific period of time.
a. Decrease in number
b. Change in number
c. Increase in number
d. huge migration
Ans. (b)

##### 11. Which factors affect the mortality rate of a region?

a. Demographic Structure
c. Level of its economic development
d. All the above
Ans. (d)
12. Which of the following is not a PULL factor of migration?
a. Better job opportunities
b. Peace and stability
c. Socio-economic backwardness
d. Security of life
Ans. (c)
13. Which of the following is not a PUSH factor of migration?
a. Poor living conditions
b. Political turmoil
c. Epidemics
d. Pleasant climate
Ans. (d)

##### 14. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option from the given options-

1. Population grown rapidly during the sixteenth and seventeenth century.
2. Expansion of world trade during sixteenth and seventeenth century is an important cause of it.
a. Only 1 is correct.
b. Only 2 is correct
c. Both the statements are incorrect
d. Both statements are correct and statement 2 correctly explains the statement 1.
Ans. (d)
15. Which of the following factor helped in the reduction of birth rate and provided a stage for accelerated population growth?
b. Industrial Revolution
c. Development of resources
d. None of the above
Ans. (a)
16. How many years took to rise population from 5 billion to 6 billion?
a. 25 Years
b. 12 Years
c. 16 Years
d. 11 Years
Ans. (b)

##### 17. Consider the following points regarding the growing population in developing world and choose the correct options from the given options;

1. Birth rate is extremely high as compared to death rate.
2. Need for children to go out and work to bring in income for the family.
3. Lack of availability and knowledge of contraception and family planning.
Options;
a. Only 1 and 2 are correct.
b. Only 2 and 3 are correct
c. All 1,2 and 3 are correct
d. All are incorrect
Ans. (c)
18. What kind of correlation we found between economic development and population growth?
a. Positive
b. Negative
c. Partially positive and partially negative
d. Question is not applicable
Ans. (b)
19. Which of the following may be interpreted as a spontaneous effort to achieve a better balance between population and resources?
a. Migration
b. Birth Rate
c. Death Rate
d. All the above
Ans. (a)

##### 20. Which statement is true about the change in population?

1. Increase of population causes depletion of resources.
2. Population decline causes under development of resources.
3. The resources that had supported earlier are now insufficient to maintain the population.
Options;
a. Only 1 is correct
b. Only 3 is correct
c. All 1, 2, and 3 are correct
d. All are incorrect
Ans. (c)
21. Which epidemics in Africa, some parts of CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) and
Asia have pushed up death rates and reduced average life expectancy?
a. Cholera b. T.B.
c. Dengue fever d. HIV/AIDS
Ans. (d)
22. Which of the following countries is not considered as low growth of population?
a. Liberia b. Latvia
c. Estonia d. Denmark
Ans. (a)
23. Which of the following countries is not comes under the category of high growth of
population?
a. Somalia b. Albania
c. Germany d. Italy
Ans. (b)

1. “Asia has many places where people are few and few places where people are many”
Above mentioned remark about uneven distribution of Asia as well as world population is given by
a. Dudley Stamp
b. G.B. Cressey
c. Hartshorne
d. Griffith Taylor
Ans. (b)
2. Patterns of population distribution and density of population help us to understand ___
a. Regional imbalances of an area
b. Demographic characteristics of any area
c. Uneven topography of an area
d. Developmental level of an area
Ans. (b)
3. The density of population is usually measured in ___
a. Persons/cm area
b. Persons/sq km area
c. Persons/cubic area
d. All the above
Ans. (b)

##### 4. When we found more than 200 persons on every square km then the area will be considered as

a. Highly or densely populated
b. sparsely populated
c. Rarely Populated
d. Under Populated
Ans. (a)
5. Which of the following area has very low density of population?
a. North-Eastern part of USA
b. High rainfall zones near the equator
c. Sweden in Europe
d. South and South-East Asia
Ans. (b)
6. Which of the following area is densely populated?
a. North-Western part of Europe b. Western China
c. North and South Pole d. Southern India in Asia
Ans. (a)
7. Which is the most important factor that attract the human in habitation in particular area?
a. Availability of water
b. Urbanization
c. Minerals
d. Social factors
Ans. (a)

##### 8. Which Factor is responsible for high density of population found in Katanga Zambia located in Africa?

a. Availability of mineral wealth (copper)
b. Availability of good forest resources
c. Close social ties
d. Scenic landscapes
Ans. (a)
9. Which of the following pair is not correctly matched?
Regions factor of high density
a. Kobe-Osaka region in Japan Presence of industries
b. Mediterranean Regions Pleasant climate
c. Ganga Plains Scenic beauty
d. Mega cities Good civic amenities and employment
Ans. (c)
10. The population growth or population change refers to the—————–of inhabitants of a territory during a specific period of time.
a. Decrease in number
b. Change in number
c. Increase in number
d. huge migration
Ans. (b)

##### 11. Which factors affect the mortality rate of a region?      (The World Population)

a. Demographic Structure
c. Level of its economic development
d. All the above
Ans. (d)
12. Which of the following is not a PULL factor of migration?
a. Better job opportunities
b. Peace and stability
c. Socio-economic backwardness
d. Security of life
Ans. (c)
13. Which of the following is not a PUSH factor of migration?
a. Poor living conditions
b. Political turmoil
c. Epidemics
d. Pleasant climate
Ans. (d)

##### 14. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option from the given options-

1. Population grown rapidly during the sixteenth and seventeenth century.
2. Expansion of world trade during sixteenth and seventeenth century is an important cause of it.
a. Only 1 is correct.
b. Only 2 is correct
c. Both the statements are incorrect
d. Both statements are correct and statement 2 correctly explains the statement 1.
Ans. (d)
15. Which of the following factor helped in the reduction of birth rate and provided a stage for accelerated population growth?
b. Industrial Revolution
c. Development of resources
d. None of the above
Ans. (a)
16. How many years took to rise population from 5 billion to 6 billion?
a. 25 Years
b. 12 Years
c. 16 Years
d. 11 Years
Ans. (b)

##### 17. Consider the following points regarding the growing population in developing world and choose the correct options from the given options;

1. Birth rate is extremely high as compared to death rate.
2. Need for children to go out and work to bring in income for the family.
3. Lack of availability and knowledge of contraception and family planning.
Options;
a. Only 1 and 2 are correct.
b. Only 2 and 3 are correct
c. All 1,2 and 3 are correct
d. All are incorrect
Ans. (c)
18. What kind of correlation we found between economic development and population growth?
a. Positive
b. Negative
c. Partially positive and partially negative
d. Question is not applicable
Ans. (b)
19. Which of the following may be interpreted as a spontaneous effort to achieve a better balance between population and resources?
a. Migration
b. Birth Rate
c. Death Rate
d. All the above
Ans. (a)

##### 20. Which statement is true about the change in population?

1. Increase of population causes depletion of resources.
2. Population decline causes under development of resources.
3. The resources that had supported earlier are now insufficient to maintain the population.
Options;
a. Only 1 is correct
b. Only 3 is correct
c. All 1, 2, and 3 are correct
d. All are incorrect
Ans. (c)
21. Which epidemics in Africa, some parts of CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) and
Asia have pushed up death rates and reduced average life expectancy?
a. Cholera b. T.B.
c. Dengue fever d. HIV/AIDS
Ans. (d)
22. Which of the following countries is not considered as low growth of population?
a. Liberia b. Latvia
c. Estonia d. Denmark
Ans. (a)
23. Which of the following countries is not comes under the category of high growth of
population?
a. Somalia b. Albania
c. Germany d. Italy
Ans. (b)

##### 24. Which of the following feature is not related to First stage of demographic transition?

a. Improvements in sanitation and health conditions.
b. Life expectancy is low.
c. People are mostly illiterate and have low level of technology.
d. People are engaged in agriculture where large families are an asset.
Ans. (a)
25. Which of the following statement is true about the last stage of demographic transition?
a. Both fertility and mortality decline considerably.
b. Deliberately controls the family size.
c. The population becomes urbanized and literates.
d. All the above
Ans. (d)

a. Improvements in sanitation and health conditions.
b. Life expectancy is low.
c. People are mostly illiterate and have low level of technology.
d. People are engaged in agriculture where large families are an asset.
Ans. (a)
25. Which of the following statement is true about the last stage of demographic transition?
a. Both fertility and mortality decline considerably.
b. Deliberately controls the family size.
c. The population becomes urbanized and literates.
d. All the above
Ans. (d)