This is to certify that Roll – 000000, No – 00000 has prepared this project report on “A comprehensive Study on Socio-Economic Condition of Aley Tap Basty”, Rohini Tea Garden Mouza, GP – Ghayabari – 1, Kurseong, West Bengal as part of the prescribed curriculum under my supervision.
Signature of the Supervisor
To prepare this project report successfully lot of help from different field and minds was essential. I would like to express my deep gratitude to all those who have guided me in completion this report on”A Comprehensive study on Socio Economic Condition of ALEY TAP BASTY, ROHINI TEA GARDEN, GHAYABARI-1, KURSEONG, WEST BENGAL”.
I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my teacher ……….(Teacher Name) as well as our principal ……………(name of the principal) who gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project.
I am also thankful to all relevant officials in supplying relevant maps and secondary data collection and other things. I give special thanks to all office staffs for providing us many important data and significant information regarding socio – economic status. Lastly, I express my gratitude to my subject teacher and all of my class-mates for helping me with their numerous contributions to this report.
Date: ……… Signature
1. INTRODUCTION ……………………….(page no.)
2. LOCATION MAP…………………………(page no.)
3. IMPORTANCE OF FIELD STUDY….(page no.)
4. OBJECTIVES……………………………..(page no.)
5. METHOD OF STUDY…………………..(page no.)
6. STEPS OF THE PRESENT STUDY….(page no.)
7. DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE……………(page no.)
8. SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE………..(page no.)
9. CONCLUSION…………………………….(page no.)
10. RELATED PHOTOGRAPHS…………(page no.)
TABLES Page No.
Table 1: Size of family
Table 2: Sex Composition.
Table 3: Age Sex Condition
Table 4 & 5 :Caste & Religion Composition
Table 6: Rate of literacy
Table 7: Educational Structure
Table 8: Occupational Structure
Table 9 : Level of Income
Table 10 :Dependency Ratio
Table 11 :House Type
Table 12 :Sanitary System
Table 13 : Types of Fuel
Table 14 : Water Supply
DIAGRAMS Page No.
Diagram 1: Size of family
Diagrams 2: Sex Composition
Diagram 3: Age Sex Composition
Diagram 4 & 5: Caste & Religion Composition
Diagram 6: Rate of Literacy
Diagram 7: Educational Attainment
Diagram 8: Occupational Structure
Diagram 9 : Level of Income
Diagram 10 : Dependency Ratio
Diagram 11: House Type
Diagram 12: Sanitary System
Diagram 13 : Types of Fuel
Diagram 14: Water Supply.
Field work is the means of obtaining firsthand experience of an environment. This activity makes the lesson more interesting to acquire suitable skills which are rarely learnt in this classroom. Some of the fields which can be used in everyday life include the skill of observation’ experimentation and investigation, problem solving, to operate communication and decision making.
The main part of field work is the collection of data, analyzing of the data and the presentation of the data. We adopted the possible approaches for field work depending upon the requirement of the present syllabus .The usefulness of field work is
1. Increasing geomorphological interest thought interacting with the environment.
2. Improving observation skills and better understanding of the program that contributed to the environmental features.
3. Field work provide opportunities to learn through direct concrete experience enhancing the understanding that comes form observing real world manifestation of abstract geographical concept and process.
4. Experiencing real life reason by developing investigation, communicative and participative skill.
5. Through field work observation, evolution reasoning and practical problem solving approaches have been developed.
Our study area was Aleya Tap Bastu is a small cluster hilly settlement, which is situateed beside Rohini Road’This area a part of Darjeeling district so as to a part of Kurseong block , Ghayabari-1 Gram Panchayat, Rohini TeaGarden Moza. Here district settlement can be seen,majority of the people are tea garden worker and some of them are also engaged in other activities.
SIZE OF FAMILY:
The family size represents the demographic structure of the area. Here in our study area 88% of families belong to the group of 3-6 persons. Where as from the rest 20%, 10% falls in the group of <3 persons and 10% falls in the group of >6 persons family.
No. of families
No. of persons
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD STUDY:-
The study of rural Landscape of Aleya Tap Basty is very much important for identification of socio-economic setup and characteristics.It reveals the perspective and behavior of the real society it includes stander of living, educational level,housing pattern, demographic profile. An economic characteristic includes occupational pattern, income structure etc.Physical setup depicts the various physical components like climate,drainage system soil ,natural vegetation etc.Which influence the socio-economic survey level of development of a particular area may be associated.Besides above those,this study reflects the major problems of rural status. From the analysis of which adequate are proper planning projects can be applied for the development of that area.
To study about stands and socio- economic of Aleya TapBasty area. We take following general objective:-
1.Study about the overall characteristics Akey Tap Basty area.
2.To analyze the physical as well as physical setup (climate, drainage system, soil, vegetation etc) of the college.
3.To study of the economic condition of Aleya TapBasty.
4.T analyzer rural infrastructure.
5.To study about the rural social structure.6.The study relationship living standard and other socio- economics perspective of this village.
METHOD OF STUDY:-
Generally for special study in geography pre-field, field and post- field method are applied to study and monitor the temporal change in the field.
1) PRE- FIELD METHOD:-
In this period the study selection and formulation of hypothesis on the region have been occurred and secondary data of the region have been collected to know the background of the study area ,,questionnaire’s has also been prepare in the period In the pre- field method, the girls of quadrature have been applied to extract the various data on population density, settlement density etc.
2) FIELD METHOD:-
In the field method,we are collection primary data socio- economic landscape has been happens.”Door to Door Survey” interviewing with different official etc,have also been completed in this period . We are trying to know the house type ,income type, room type educational attainment and other.
3)POST -FIELD METHOD:-
In the post – field method data identification,classification of data , analysis and statistical and different techniques .The field photographs used to identify ,analyze and interpret different themes. Finally,the compilation of data and various diagrams the report is prepared.
STEPS OF THE PRESENT STUDY:-
The steps follow in the present study area:
1. Identification of the problem.
3.Field work for making observation.
4.Interpretation of the data.
5.Proposing of data graphically and thematically.
6.Proposing problem solving and concluding.
The present study involves the collection of data through questioner on random sampling basis.We have taken 50 sample houses from Aley Tap Basty.
The structure of population of the field area in respect of four categories like old, adult, young and child with their respective ages reveals a spectacular feature of population. Here the young group is dominating followed by child group i.e. <15 age group and there is minimum population in old age group i.e. >45 age group. Thus the dependent group of population children and old age population is significant.
Table No. 3
|Less than 15||36||27|
|More than 45||30||15|
CASTE AND RELIGION:-
There are three religious group in the field area. Between these three group, Hindu population is domination. Here the Hindu population comprises both the general and schedule caste.
Table No. 4
|Less than 15||36||27|
|More than 45||30||15|
|Caste||No. of families||Percentage|
RATE OF LITERACY:-
In India the definition of literate person is one who can at least write his or her name properly.A person who can write his|her name is designated as literate person.Taking into consideration of such definition the maximum population of study area may be designated as literate.77% population is literate where as only 23% population is illiterate.Table :6
|Literacy||No. of persons||Percentage|
Here in study area among the 77% literate population. Maximum numbers of person are educated up to secondary level i.e.60.19%,followed by primary level educated person i.e. 12.5%. and the percentages of highly educated persons is as 3.13%.
|Level of education||No. of persons||Percentage|
OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE:-(Important for Project related viva)
Here in the field area among the 50 surveyed families 20% families are depended on agriculture.68% families are belongs to Tabor class and 4%is service and only 8% is belongs to business category.
|Sectors||No. of families||Percentage|
LEVEL OF INCOME:-
In the field area we can identify four income groups i.e. Less than 5000, 5000-10000, 10000-15000 and more than 15000. Here the dominating group is less than 5000 followed by 5000-10000.
|Income Group||No. of families||Percentage|
|Less than 5000||38||72|
|more than 15000||2||4|
The working force of the study area shows they there is only about 33.18% working population and the rest 66.82% is dependant. Among the dependant population 40% is child and 58.39%is adult.
|Category||No. of persons||Percentage|
House type of surveyed area reveals peculiar character. The study area consists of four types of houses.Major i.e. 50% consists of wooden type.Among the rest 40% houses are of pakka type and 10% is of mix type.
|Category||No. of families||Percentage|
|Mix(Rocks and Wood)||5||10|
The sanitary system of the area is more less developed to various village developmental programs. In the study area 90% families uses sanitary toilet where as rest 10% use primitive type toilet.
|Category||No. of families||Percentage|
TYPES OF FUEL:-
In the study area three type of fuel are used by the villages is conventional.Near about 66% families use wood as their main means of fuel.Among the rest of the type 1% use coal and only 18% use coal and only 16%use LPG gas their fuel.
|Types of fuel||No. of families||Percentage|
The water supply has been developed mainly based on the fountain water.The fountain water is collected in a tank and is distributed to the various houses by pipelines attached to the tank.The is placed on a altitude slope.
|Source of water||No. of families||Percentage|