Indian Transport and communication
Indian Transport and communication system is very significant to develop a country. There are so many modes of transport and communication.
Transport is a system of movement of people or any other materials. The modes of transport system may be land, water and air. Each and every type of transport systems is very important equally. These different modes of transport systems are suitable for different kinds of material.
For example in the case of long distance and bulky materials we use railway, water way transport system.
- Road transport: India has the second largest road network with 4,320,000 Kilometers according to the latest updates (as a student you can remember the data, which is printed on your book, page: 114 (India: people and economy).
- About 70% of foreign trade and 85% of passengers are using road transport system.
- 20 years road planning introduce in 1961.
- NHAI stands for National Highway Authority of India were operationalised in 1995.
- NHAI is under the ministry of surface transport.
- BRO means Border Road Organization 1960.
- NH 1 is connecting between Delhi to Amritsar.
- Longest national highway in India is Srinagar to Kanyakumari NH-44.
- NH-7 from Baranasi to Kanyakumari.
- High altitude road way from Manali (Himachal pradesh) to Leh (ladakh) 4270 metres from the mean sea level.
- Golden quadrilateral is 5846 kilometers long and connecting between Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai.
- 80% of Indian total road network is rural road ways.
- 4% roads are state highways.
14% roads are district highways. (Indian Transport and communication)
- Kerala has the highest road density in India.
- Mahatma Gandhi told that Indian railways brought peoples of diverse culture together to contribute to India’s freedom struggle.
- Bombay (Now Mumbai) to Thane (34km) is the first rail network in India.
- India has 74.14% broad gauge (1.676 metre), 21.02% metre gauge (1 metre) and 4.94% of narrow gauge (0.762/0.610 metre) railway lines.
- Water way transport system is more suitable for carrying bulky materials from distant places.
- Allahabad to Haldia (1620 km) is the national waterway number 1 (NW 1), 1986.
- Sadiya to Dhubri (891 km) is the NW 2, 1988.
- Kottapuram to Kollam (205 km) is the NW 3, 1991.
- Vallankali – is the famous Nehru Trophy Boat Race organized in Kerala (Using inland waterways).
- India has about 7517 km long coast line.
- In 1911 first Indian air transport- between Allahabad to Naini.
- OSP – open sky policy 1992 for bringing any freighters to the country through foreign airlines or association.
- OIL means Oil India Limited and it is under the ministry of petroleum and natural gas – engaged in exploration, transportation and production of crude oil and natural gas.
- INSAT stands for Indian National Satellite System and IRS mean Indian Remote Sensing Satellite System. This INSAT established in 1983.
- PSLV – Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.
Transport and Communication
Q.1. Consider the following statements and choose the correct answer with the help of given options; (Transport and Communication India)
I. In recent years- rope ways, cable ways and pipelines were developed as a means of transport.
II. They were developed to cater the demands of transporting specific goods under special circumstances.
a. Only I is correct
b. Only II is correct
c . Both statements are correct and statement II is correctly explains statement I
d . Both statements are true but not related with each other.
Q.2. By what name was the Sher Shah Suri Highway named in the British period ?
a. Grand Trunk Road
b. National Highway
c. G. T. Karnal Road
d. Mathura Road
Q.3. Which of the following transport is relatively suitable for shorter distance travel ?
a. Rail transport
b. Cable ways
c. Road transport
d. Air transport
Q. 4. Which of the following plan was introduced to improve the conditions of roads in India ?
a. Five Year Road Plan
b. Nagpur Plan
c. Ten Years Road Plan
d. Twenty Years Road Plan
Q.5. Which of the following is an apex body to improve the quality of the roads designated as National Highways ?
a. National Highway Authority of India
b. Central Public Works Department
c. Public Works Department
d. Border Road Organisation
Q.6 Which of the following factors affect the density of rural roads ?
a. Will power of the government
b. The nature of the terrain
c. Lack of capital
d. Lack of maintenance
Q.7 Which of the following is not matched correctly ?
LIST I LIST II
a. State Highways – Join the state capitals with district headquarters and other important towns.
b. District Roads – connecting links between District Headquarters and the other important nodes in the district.
c. Border Roads – Connect the state capitals with each other
d. Rural Roads – Vital for providing links in the rural areas.
Q.8 Consider the following and match the List I with List II and choose the correct answer with the help of given codes .
List I List II
Types of roads % of total length
I. National Highways 1. 14 %
II. State Highways 2. 80 %
III. District Roads 3. 1.67%
IV. Rural Roads 4. 4 %
Codes I II III IV
a. 3 4 1 2
b. 1 2 3 4
c. 4 3 2 1
d. 2 4 3 1
Q. 9 Which of the following is not under the jurisdiction of Border Roads Organisation ?
a. Rapid and coordinated improvement of strategically important roads along the northern and north-eastern boundary.
b. Constructed roads in high altitude mountainous terrain joining Chandigarh with Manali.
c. It also undertakes snow clearance in high altitude areas.
d. It connects capitals of different neighboring countries.
10.Which of the following factors are the main determinants of road density ?
a. Nature of terrain
b. Level of economic development
c. Availability of capital
d. Only (a) and (b)
11. Consider the following and match List I with List II and choose the correct answer with the help of given codes.
LIST I ( Railway Zone) LIST II (Headquarters)
i. Central 1. New Delhi
ii. Eastern 2. Jabalpur
iii. South Western 3. Kolkata
iv. Northern 4. Hubli
v. West Central 5. Mumbai (CST)
I II III IV V
a. 1 2 3 4 5
b. 5 3 4 1 2
c. 5 4 2 1 3
d. 3 2 5 4 1
12. Consider the following statements and choose the correct options with the help of given options.
I. Construction of roads is easy and cheaper in the plain areas .
II. Nature of terrain and the level of economic development are the main determinants of density of roads.
a.Both the statements are correct.
b. Both the statements are true ,statement II correctly explains statement I.
c. both the statements are true but not related with each other.
d. Both statements are incorrect.
13. Which of the following is the most cheapest means of transport and is most suitable for for carrying heavy and bulky material ?
a. Road Transport
b. Rail Transport
c . Water Transport
d. Air Transport
14. Which of the following pairs is not matched correctly? (Transport and Communication India)
LIST I (National Waterways) LIST II (Extension)
a. National Waterways No. 1 – Allahabad- Haldia
b. National Waterways No. 2 – Sadiya- Dhubri
c. National Waterways No. 3 – Kottapuram- Kollam
d. National Waterways No. 4 – Matai river- Brahmani river
15. Air transport in India made a beginning in 1911 with which of the following event?
a. When airmail operation commenced over a little distance of 10 km between Allahabad and Naini.
b. When the then Prime minister of India started the air services between Allahabad and Naini.
c. Clustering of Indian Navy on the Western coast of India.
d. Movement of foreign delegates in India in 1911.
16. Which of the following modes of transport is the most convenient and efficient mode of transporting liquids, gases and even solids over long distances ?
b. Rail Transport
c. Road Transport
d. Water Transport
17. Which of the following acquisition is engaged in the exploration, production and Transportation of crude oil and natural gas ?
a. Natural Gas Limited
b. Oil India Limited
c . Petroleum Ministry
d. Mineral Ministry
18. Which of the following is the first cross country pipeline of Asia? (Transport and Communication India)
a. From Ankaleshwar to Koyali
b. From Mumbai High to Koyali
c. From Naharkatiya oilfield in Assam to Barauni refinery in Bihar.
19. Which of the following air services is operating in hilly areas and is widely used by tourists in North-eastern sector ?
a. Pawanhans Helicopter service
b. Air India air craft service
c. Indian Airlines
d. Himalayan Aviation Limited.
20. Which of the following stands for ‘Open Sky Policy’ ? (Transport and Communication India)
a. Air craft of any country can use any air route.
b. Foreign airlines or association of exporters can bring any freighters to the country.
c. Air routes present in India can only be utilised by foreigners after taking the prior permission of Indian Government.
d. Setting up of rules for smooth running of air services.
21. Consider the following statements and choose the correct answers with the help of given options. (Transport and Communication India)
I. Development in the field of science and technology has significantly contributed in bringing about revolution in the field of communication.
II. Invention of post office, telegraph, printing press, telephone, satellite etc. has made the communication much faster and easier.
a. Only I is correct
b. Only II is correct
c. Both the statements are true ,statement II correctly explains I.
d. Both are correct but not related to each other.
22. Which of the following communication is most effective and advanced one used in urban areas ?
23. Match the List I with List II and choose the correct answers with the help of given codes. (Transport and Communication India)
List I (Year) List II ( Development of Radio comm.)
1. 1923 1. Indian Broadcasting System
2. 1930 2. All India Radio
3. 1936 3. Radio Club of Bombay
4. 1957 4. Change to Akashwani
I II III IV
a. 3 1 2 4
b. 1 2 3 4
c. 2 3 1 4
d. 4 3 2 1
24. Which of the following is not included in the uses of satellite communication ?
a. Used for weather forecast
b. Monitoring of natural calamities
c. Surveillance of border areas
d. For the grouping of economic use
25. Which of the following centers provides facilities for acquisition and processing of data transmits by satellites?
a. National Remote Sensing Center located at Bhuvaneshwar.
b.National Remote Sensing Center located at Bangalore
c. National Remote Sensing Center located at Hyderabad
d. National Remote Sensing Center located at Jaipur