Life in the Desert
Q. Write about the salient features of the Sahara desert. (Life in the Desert)
Ans: The Sahara desert covering a large part of North Africa. It is the world’s largest desert. It has an area of around 8.54 million sq. km. The Sahara desert touches eleven countries. These are Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia and Western Sahara.
Q. Discuss about the salient features of climate in the Sahara desert area.
- The climate of the Sahara desert is scorching hot and parch dry.
- It has a short rainy season and the sky is cloudless and clear.
- Here, the moisture evaporates faster than it accumulates.
- Days are unbelievably hot. The temperatures during the day may soar as high as 50°C, heating up the sand and the bare rocks, which in turn radiates heat making everything around hot.
- The nights may be freezing cold with temperatures nearing zero degrees.
Q. Write a short note on flora and fauna in the Sahara desert area.
- Flora: Vegetation in the Sahara desert includes cactus, date palms and acacia. In some places there are oasis – green islands with date palms surrounding them.
- Fauna: Camels, hyenas, jackals, foxes, scorpions, many varieties of snakes and lizards are the prominent animal species living there.
Q. Discuss about the life style of the people in the Sahara desert.
Q. What are the main reasons of industrial development in Sahara desert?
Q. What are the main physical features of Ladakh? (Life in the Desert)
Q. Write about the main climatic features of Ladakh.
Q. Which types of flora and fauna are found in Ladakh?
- Flora: Due to high aridity, the vegetation is sparse. There are scanty patches of grasses and shrubs for animals to graze. Groves of willows and poplars are seen in the valleys. During the summers, fruit trees such as apples, apricots and walnuts bloom.
- Fauna: Several species of birds like Robins, redstarts, Tibetan snowcock, raven and hoopoe are common. The animals of Ladakh are wild goats, wild sheep, yak and special kinds of dogs.