India has great diversity of physical properties and as well as mineral and energy resources. Here mineral means a natural substance of organic or inorganic origin with definite chemical and physical properties. There are two types of minerals – metallic and non metallic. These minerals and some energy resources are very important for our civilization. Solved multiple choice questions are as follows:
- Iron ore is the metallic ferrous minerals.
- Copper, bauxite are metallic non- ferrous minerals.
- Non metallic organic minerals are coal, petroleum etc.
- Non metallic inorganic minerals are mica, limestone and graphite.
- In India, systematic surveying, prospecting and exploration for minerals is undertaken by the Geological Survey of India (GSI), Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC), National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO) etc.
- Over 97% of coal reserves occur in the valleys of Damodar, Son, Mahanadi and Godavari.
- Kerala has deposits of monazite and Thorium, bauxite clay.
- Goa has iron ore deposits.
- The two types of iron ore found in India are hematite and magnetite.
- About 95% of total reserves of iron ore is located in states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Goa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu.
- Iron ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Kendujhar, Gua, Durg, Chandrapur, Bailadila, Bellary, Tumkur and Ratnagiri etc. are important.
- Manganese mines are Sundergarh, Balaghat, Bhandara in India.
- About 80% of the coal deposits in India is of bituminous type and is non-coking grade.
- The most important Gondwana coal fields of India are located in Damodar valley.
- Jharia is the largest coal field in India.
- Oil and Natural Gas Commission – 1956.
- Atomic Energy Commission set up in 1948.
- Brown diamond means Lignite coal.
- Tarapur is the first Atomic Energy station in India.
- Okhla in Delhi is Bio-energy resources project started.
These minerals and energy resources are very important for our developmental activities.
- Different parts of Indian subcontinents are very rich in different kinds of minerals.
- A mineral means natural organic or inorganic substances with specific physical or chemical properties.
- There are mainly two types of minerals like metallic or non-metallic.
- Metallic minerals are two types: ferrous and nonferrous.
- Iron ore and manganese are the example of ferrous metallic minerals.
- Copper and bauxite are the example of non ferrous metallic minerals.
- Coal, petroleum and natural gas are the example of non metallic fuel minerals.
- Mica, limestone and graphite are the example of other types of non metallic minerals.
Important characteristics of minerals:
- Minerals are exhaustible.
- It takes millions of years for the formation.
- Good quality minerals are very less amount than bad qualities.
- It is very important to preserve these valuable minerals.
- The region of the Damodar, Son, Mahanadi and Godavari river valleys contain about 97% of the total coal reserve of India.
- Dharwar systems of rocks are found in Aravalli in Rajasthan and part of Gujarat.
- Kerala has rich deposits of thorium and monazite and bauxite clay.
- Goa has rich deposits of iron ore. (Minerals and Energy Resources)
- Rajasthan is rich in granite, sandstone and marble.
- Dolomite and limestone are very important for cement industries.
- Gujarat is famous for petroleum deposits.
India has mainly two types of iron ore – magnetite and hematite.
- Odisha, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu together contains about 95% of total iron ore reserve of our country, India.
- Mayurbhanj, Gua, Kendujhar, Durg, Chandrapur, Bailadila, Ratnagiri, Bellari, Chitradurg, Tumkur and Kudremukh atc. are the important iron ore mines in India. (Not only this, These are very important for map pointing).
- Sundergarh, Kendujhar, Balaghat, Nagpur, Bhandara and Shimoga are some example of manganese mines (important for map pointing).
- Khetri, Alwar, Bhilwar, Udaipur, Hazaribagh, Singbhum, Balaghat etc. are some examples of copper mines.
- katni, Amarkantak, Bilashpur, Maikala hill, and Koraput are some examples of bauxite mines.
- Neyveli, Singareni, Korba, Talcher, Raniganj, Jharia, Bokaro, Singarauli and Moran etc. are some example of coal mines.
Note: So many above mentioned mines are very important for short questions and map pointing. But, really this is not very easy to remember all the mines location on the Indian map. Here, your routine wise practice can solve this problem. Just practice everyday and remember that points after closing your eyes. In this way you can do best map pointing as well as short questions.
Minerals and Energy Resources
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