Our Country India
Question: Write about the latitudinal and longitudinal extension of India.
Answer: India’s latitudinal extension is from 8 degree 4 minutes north to 37 degree 6 minutes north. On the other hand longitudinal extension is from 68 degree 7 minutes east to 97 degree 25 minutes east.
Question: Discuss about the administrative and political divisions of India.
Answer: India is the vast country. This is divided into 29 states and 7 union territories for administrative purposes. The state Telengana is the last state formed on 2nd June, 2014. This state was the part of Andhra Pradesh. In this country New Delhi is the national capital. These states are mainly formed on the basis of languages. Here Rajasthan is the largest state and Goa is the smallest state in terms of size. These states are also divided into several units, like districts, blocks etc.
Question: Discuss about different physical divisions of India.
Answer: India is the vast country with great variety of physical features. For example mountains, plateaus, plains etc.
- Mountains: The Himalayas, Eastern Ghat, Western Ghat, Satpura, Vindyas etc. are some important mountainous region in India.
- Plateaus: Deccan plateau, Chhotanagpur plateau etc.
- Ganga-Brahmaputra plain is the large plain area in this country.
- Andaman and Nicobar or Lakshadweep is the main island in India.
Question: ’The large numbers of people are concentrated in the North Indian Plain’ – Why?
Answer: The Northern Indian plain means the Ganga-Brahmaputra plain. In this region large numbers of people are concentrated because of following reasons:
- This region is more fertile and agriculturally prosperous.
- In this plain region numerous rivers like the Ganga, the Brahmaputra etc. and their tributaries are flowing.
Question: Briefly explain about the main divisions of Himalayas Mountain.
Answer: The Himalayas regions are divided (parallel) into three parts. The northernmost part of this Himalaya region is the Great Himalayas or the Himadri Himalayas. The maximum numbers of highest mountain peaks are situated in this Great Himalayas.
Next is the Middle Himalaya lie in the south of the Great Himalayas. Popular hill stations are located in this region.
The southernmost part of this Himalayas region is developed with so many small hills. These are known as Shiwalik Himalaya.