Question Bank for Class 12 Geography – HOT Question for Exam 2020-21

Question Bank for Class 12 Geography

Question Bank for Class 12 Geography

BOOK: Fundamentals of Human Geography: Question Bank for Class 12 Geography

Ch-1: Human Geography – Nature and Scope

  1. Discuss about the nature and scope of human geography.
  2. Explain the process of naturalization of humans with example.
  3. Explain the process of humanization of nature with example.
  4. What do you mean by ‘environmental determinism’? – explain.
  5. Explain the concept of possibilism.
  6. What is ‘Neo-determinism’? why it is also known as ‘stop and go determinism’?
  7. ‘Human geography is related to other social sciences’ – explain.

Ch-2: The world population – distribution, density & growth

  1. Discuss about the factors affecting the distribution of population.
  2. Explain the spatial pattern of population distribution in the world.
  3. What are the main causes of population growth? – explain with example.
  4. Discuss about the trends in population growth in the world.
  5. What is demographic cycle? explain the concept of demographic transition theory.
  6. Who told “preventive checks are better than the physical check”? – explain this statement.

Ch-3: Population composition

  1. Discuss about different types of age-sex population pyramid in the world with example.
  2. Explain the main features of rural-urban composition.
  3. Which type of population pyramid is formed in India and why?

Ch-4: Human development

  1. Differentiate between development and growth with example.
  2. Explain the four pillars of human development.
  3. Discuss about different approaches to human development.
  4. Write a short note on GNH.
  5. What are the main factors of HDI?
  6. Who proposed the concept of basic need approaches in human development? explain it.

Ch-5: Primary activities

  1. What do you mean by pastoralism?
  2. Explain the concept of nomadic herding with example.
  3. What is transhumance?
  4. Why Jhum cultivation is also known as ‘slash and burn cultivation’?
  5. Which type of farming system is largely found in densely populated Asian countries mainly? Explain its characteristics.
  6. Explain the main features of plantation farming.
  7. Discuss about the main characteristics of Mediterranean agriculture.
  8. What do you mean by truck farming?
  9. Differentiate between co-operative and collective farming.
  10. Why market gardening is mainly practicing near urban areas?

Ch-7: Tertiary and quaternary activities

  1. What are the factors affecting tourism?
  2. What is quinary activity? – Explain with example.
  3. Explain the concept of ‘Digital Divide’.
  4. What do mean by medical tourism? – explain with example.
  5. What are the functions of BPO?
  6. Which sector is known as service sector and why?

Ch-10: Human Settlement

  1. What is sub-urbanization?
  2. What are the factors affecting the development of settlement?
  3. Explain about different patterns of rural settlement.
  4. What are the basis of classifying urban settlements? – Explain any THREE points.
  5. Discuss about the functional classification of Urban settlements.
  6. Explain about the concept of ‘Conurbation’.
  7. Discuss about the main problems of Urban and rural settlements.
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