Palampur: This is one of the model villages in south India.
- Farming is the main activity of Palampur village. With the development of agriculture they also develop small scale industries, dairy or transport system.
- Palampur was well connected with other villages.
- Raiganj was a big village 3 km away from this village.
- Palampur village has 450 families.
Question: What are the facilities were available in Palampur village?
- Answer: Facilities were available at this village:
- Proper drinking water facilities were available in Palampur village.
- Electricity facilities were available.
- Primary school, high school etc. were there in Palampur.
- Primary health care facilities were available.
- Private dispensary was there.
- Well road connectivity etc. facilities were there in Palampur village.
Question. What are the requirements for the production process?
Answer: (The Story of Village Palampur – Class IX)
- Land: for producing anything’s at first we need land resource and after that other natural resources, like water, forest or minerals etc.
- Labour: this is another important requirement of production. Labour do many kinds of work on the field. Like for crop production labour do ploughing, maintaining agricultural field etc.
- Physical capital: Here physical capital means other requirements for production like tools, machines or buildings, raw materials or money etc.
- Human capital: Here human capital means all human efforts for production. For example we need knowledge, technology etc.
Question: Explain about causes of the green revolution in India.
Answer: There were so many reasons for introducing green revolution in India. In the late 1960s Indian farmers of north western part of India introduced green revolution.
- They used HYV seeds in the field. These were more productive as compare to traditional seeds.
- Generally they cultivated wheat and rice in the field.
- Farmers used fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides etc. in the agricultural field.
- Farmers also used modern irrigation system.
- They also practiced the process of multiple cropping.
- Farmers also used modern equipment for farming etc.
Question: What are the processes to increase agricultural production?
Answer: See the above answer.
Question: Which types of non-farming activities are practiced in the village Palampur?
- Answer: Farming is the main activity activity of the village Palampur. Except this farming activities there are also some other non-farming activities practices by the villagers.
- These activities are small scale manufacturing, small shop keeping, transport activities etc.
- These villagers engaged in very simple and small scale industrial production.
- Shop keepers generally buy their shop materials from the wholesaler in the cities and sell them in their village.
Question: Which types of transportation system were available in the village Palampur as well as your village ?
- Answer: There were several types of transportation systems available in the village Palampur. There were tongawallaahs, rickshawallahs, trucks, bullock carts etc. as the means of transport system.
- On the other hand, in our village rickshawallahs, rickshavans, totowallahs, by cycle, motor cycle are available. These types of transport systems are essential for making connectivity between the cities and the villages.
Question: Which types of farming activities are found in Indian villages?
- Answer: There are mainly some particular types of crops are cultivated in Indian villages. These farmers are mainly cultivates food crops. Cultivation of rice, wheat, and vegetables are main crops. They use irrigation system to get more production.
- So many farmers use HYV seeds, herbicides, pesticides etc. Heavy pressure on land due to more population is common phenomenon of Indian agricultural activity.