1. How did the mission proved beneficial for women in Khedgaon near Pune in 1898
2. Why Ramabai was given the title Pandita?
3. What is discrimination?
4. Why was Rokeya Sakhawat Hossian stopped from learning Bangla and English?
5. What changes has come in education today?
6. Explain sexual harassment.
7. Who is the lady in this picture? Write three lines about her.
8. Discuss the methods that are used for creating awareness.
9. Write a short note on protesting.
10. What were the evils in women’s education in the past?
11. How has education changed the status of women in the society?
12. Explain the strategies used during women struggle for equality.
Q1. Why in Rosie Ma’am’s class drew women as nurses and men as army officers?
Ans: A lot of the children in Rosie Ma’am’s class drew women as nurses and men as army officers. Because they feel that outside the home too, women are good at only certain jobs.
For example, many people believe that women make better nurses because they are more patient and gentle. But, women are not capable of dealing with technical things for being army officers.
Q2. Which kinds of stereotypes are effecting in the career of boys and girls life?
Ans: So many people believe in stereotypes. Many girls do not get the same support that boys do to study and train to become doctors and engineers.
In most families, once girls finish school, then, they are encouraged by their families to see marriage as their main aim in life.
Q3. Who was Rashsundari Devi? How did she learn to read and write.
Ans: Rashsundari Devi, who was born in West Bengal, some 200 years ago. At the age of 60, she wrote her autobiography in Bangla- ‘Amar Jiban’ is the first known autobiography written by an Indian woman.
Rashsundari Devi was a housewife from a rich landlord’s family. At that time, women were not allowed to study. But, Rashsundari learned secretly in the kitchen taking her husband’s Chaitanya Bhagabat and she also learn by listening her elder sons study.
Q4. Do you think differences between the education of boys and girls still remaining in our society- explain with example.
Ans: Today, both boys and girls attend school in large numbers. Yet, as we will see, there still remain differences between the education of boys and girls.
According to the 1961 census, about 40 per cent of all boys and men were literate (that is, they could at least write their names) compared to just 15 per cent of all girls and women.
In the most recent census of 2001, these figures have grown to 76 per cent for boys and men, and 54 per cent for girls and women.
The percentage of the male group is still higher than the female group. The gap has not gone away.
Q5. Why did many children from Dalit, Adivasi and Muslim communities leave school?
Ans:There are several reasons why children from Dalit, Adivasi and Muslim communities leave school.
I) In many parts of the country, especially in rural and poor areas, there may not even be proper schools nor teachers who teach on a regular basis.
II) There is no transport like buses or vans, parents may not be willing to send their girls to school.
III) Many families are too poor and unable to bear the cost of educating all their children.
IV) Boys may get preference in this situation.
V) Many children also leave school because they are discriminated against by their teacher and classmates, just like Omprakash Valmiki was.
Q6. What is women’s movement? How did the women’s movement help to improve the situation of women and girls?
Ans: Women and girls now have the right to study and go to school. There are other spheres – like legal reform, violence and health – where the situation of women and girls has improved. These changes have not happened automatically.
Women individually, and collectively have struggled to bring about these changes. This struggle is known as the Women’s Movement.
Individual women and women’s organisations from different parts of the country are part of the movement.
Many men support the women’s movement as well.
The diversity, passion and efforts of those involved makes it a very vibrant movement.
Different strategies have been used to spread awareness, fight discrimination and seek justice.
Q7. Why campaigns are more important in women’s movement?
Ans: Campaigns to fight discrimination and violence against women are an important part of the women’s movement.
~Campaigns have also led to new laws being passed. A law was passed in 2006 to give women who face physical and mental violence within their homes, also called domestic violence, some legal protection. Similarly, efforts made by the women’s movement led the Supreme Court to formulate guidelines in 1997 to protect women against sexual harassment harassment at the workplace and within educational institutions.